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Aquatic Resistance Training: Acute and Chronic Effects

Borreani, Sebastien MSc1,2; Colado, Juan C. PhD1; Calatayud, Joaquin MSc1; Pablos, Carlos PhD2; Moya-Nájera, Diego MSc1; Travis Triplett, N. PhD3

Strength & Conditioning Journal: June 2014 - Volume 36 - Issue 3 - p 48–61
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000056
Article

ABSTRACT: THE WATER ENVIRONMENT HAS ADVANTAGEOUS PHYSICAL PROPERTIES FOR EXERCISE, AND IT IS AN ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY TOOL TO PERFORM RESISTANCE TRAINING (RT). RESEARCH IN WATER-BASED EXERCISE HAS BEEN FOCUSED ON AEROBIC EXERCISE, AND LITTLE IS KNOWN ABOUT THE EFFECTS OF RT IN WATER. THIS NARRATIVE REVIEW PROVIDES A COMPILATION OF THE STUDIES REGARDING ACUTE AND CHRONIC EFFECTS OF RT IN WATER AND INITIAL GUIDELINES BASED ON THE EVIDENCE. FOR A VIDEO ABSTRACT OF THIS ARTICLE, SEE VIDEO, SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1 HTTP://LINKS.LWW.COM/SCJ/A136.

1Research Group in Sport and Health, Laboratory of Physical Activity and Health, Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain;

2University Institute of Science in Physical Activity and Sports, Catholic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; and

3Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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Sebastien Borreani is a member of the research group in Sport and Health in the Department of Physical Education and Sport at the University of Valencia in Spain.

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Juan Carlos Colado is Director of the research group in Sport and Health at the University of Valencia in Spain.

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Joaquin Calatayud is a member of the research group in Sport and Health in the Department of Physical Education and Sport at the University of Valencia in Spain.

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Carlos Pablos is a researcher in sport performance, health and quality of life at the Catholic University of Valencia in Spain.

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Diego Moya-Najera is a member of the research group in Sport and Health in the Department of Physical Education and Sport at the University of Valencia in Spain.

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N. Travis Triplett is a Professor and Chair of the Department of Health and Exercise Science at Appalachian State University.

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© 2014 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association