ABSTRACT: BASKETBALL IS A HIGH-INTENSITY SPORT REQUIRING A RANGE OF ATHLETIC ABILITIES: EXPLOSIVE STRENGTH AND RATE OF FORCE DEVELOPMENT, AGILITY, COORDINATION, SPEED, ANAEROBIC LACTATE, AND ALACTIC CAPACITIES. WITHIN ELITE BASKETBALL STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAMS, DISTINCT VARIATION IN THE ASSESSMENT OF SUCH QUALITIES IS EVIDENT, HIGHLIGHTING THE NEED FOR EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE TO DETERMINE ACCEPTABLE VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE MEASURES USED. THEREFORE, THE PURPOSE OF THIS REVIEW IS TO DETERMINE THE PHYSIOLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE SPORT, SO THAT SUITABLE TESTING APPROACHES CAN BE IDENTIFIED FROM WHICH COACHES CAN OPTIMALLY ASSESS THE PHYSICAL CAPABILITIES OF THEIR ATHLETES.
1School of Sport, Health, and Applied Sciences, St Mary's University College, London, United Kingdom;
2Faculty of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom;
3Department of Sports Science, Queens Park Rangers Football Club, London, United Kingdom; and
4London Sports Institute, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.
Paul J. Read is a Senior Lecturer in Strength & Conditioning at St Marys University and consults with professional MMA fighters, international combat athletes in a range of disciplines and various professional football clubs.
Jonathan Hughes is a Senior Lecturer in Sports Strength and Conditioning and Course Leader for MSc Sport Strength & Conditioning at the University of Gloucestershire as well as the Lead Strength and Conditioning for GB Ice Hockey.
Perry Stewart is the Lead Academy Strength and Conditioning Coach and Sport Scientist at Queens Park Rangers Football Club and is a Sessional Lecturer in Strength and Conditioning at Middlesex University.
Shyam Chavda is a Strength and Conditioning Coach for the British Fencing Academy and QPR Foundation, as well as a Sessional Lecturer and Head Weightlifting Coach at Middlesex University.
Chris Bishop is a Strength and Conditioning Coach and Sessional Lecturer at Middlesex University and the Lead Strength and Conditioning Coach for Optimum Healthcare Solutions and Harpenden Lawn Tennis Club.
Mike Edwards supplies sport science and strength and conditioning services to British Fencing, professional footballers, Muay Thai fighters, and recreational youth athletes.
Anthony N. Turner is the Programme Leader for the MSc in Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute, Middlesex University as well as the Head of Athletic Development for British Fencing and a Consultant to the Royal Army Physical Training Corps.