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Focus of Attention for Strength and Conditioning Training

Makaruk, Hubert PhD1; Porter, Jared M. PhD2

Strength & Conditioning Journal: February 2014 - Volume 36 - Issue 1 - p 16–22
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000008
Article

ABSTRACT: FOR WELL OVER A DECADE, RESEARCHERS HAVE DEMONSTRATED THAT OPTIMAL SKILL PERFORMANCE IS ACHIEVED WHEN FOCUS OF ATTENTION IS DIRECTED EXTERNALLY RATHER THAN INTERNALLY OR NEUTRALLY. IN THIS ARTICLE, WE REVIEW RESEARCH ON THIS TOPIC THAT IS SPECIFICALLY RELATED TO THE FIELD OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING. IN DOING THIS, WE DISCUSS FINDINGS AND PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS RELATED TO RESISTANCE TRAINING, RUNNING AND AGILITY TRAINING, JUMP TRAINING, AND FUNCTIONAL BALANCE TRAINING. ADDITIONALLY, WE PROVIDE TIPS FOR COACHES SO THAT THEY CAN MORE EFFECTIVELY DIRECT THEIR ATHLETE'S ATTENTION DURING PRACTICE AND IN THE COMPETITIVE ARENA. A VIDEO ABSTRACT DESCRIBING THIS ARTICLE CAN BE FOUND IN SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1 (SEE VIDEO, HTTP://LINKS.LWW.COM/SCJ/A120).

1Department of Athletics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biala Podlaska, The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; and

2Department of Kinesiology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Carbondale, Illinois

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (http://journals.lww.com/nsca-scj).

Hubert Makaruk is an assistant professor in Department of Athletics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw.

Jared M. Porter is an assistant professor in the Department of Kinesiology and director of the Motor Behavior Laboratory at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

© 2014 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association