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Maximizing Athletic Performance in the Heat

Pryor, Riana R. MS; Casa, Douglas J. PhD; Adams, William M. MS; Belval, Luke N.; DeMartini, Julie K. PhD; Huggins, Robert A. MEd; Stearns, Rebecca L. PhD; Vandermark, Lesley W. MS

Strength & Conditioning Journal: December 2013 - Volume 35 - Issue 6 - p 24–33
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000016
Article

ABSTRACT: ATHLETES TRAIN AND PERFORM AT OPTIMAL LEVELS IN COOL ENVIRONMENTS; HOWEVER, MANY INDIVIDUALS DO NOT ALTER THEIR TRAINING IN HOT ENVIRONMENTS. THE PURPOSE OF THIS REVIEW IS TO EXPLORE EXISTING RESEARCH RELATED TO ENHANCING PERFORMANCE IN THE HEAT BY MODIFYING THE FOLLOWING PRACTICES: (A) HYDRATION, (B) BODY COOLING, (C) HEAT ACCLIMATIZATION, (D) CLOTHING AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, (E) NUTRITION AND SUPPLEMENTATION, (F) SLEEP, AND (G) TECHNOLOGY. THIS REVIEW EXPLORES PRACTICAL WAYS ATHLETES CAN CHANGE THEIR EXERCISE HABITS WITH THE GOAL OF INCREASING PERFORMANCE IN HOT ENVIRONMENTS.

Korey Stringer Institute, Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

Riana Pryor is the Director of Research at the Korey Stringer Institute, a doctoral student in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut, and a certified athletic trainer.

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Douglas Casa is the Chief Operating Officer at the Korey Stringer Institute, a professor and Director of Athletic Training in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut, and a certified athletic trainer.

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William Adams is the Director of Sport Safety Policy Initiatives, a doctoral student in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut, and a certified athletic trainer.

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Luke Belval is the Director of Special Projects at the Korey Stringer Institute and an undergraduate student in the Athletic Training program in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut.

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Julie DeMartini was the Director of Research and is now on the Founders Council at the Korey Stringer Institute, a professor in the Department of Movement Science, Sport, and Leisure Studies at Westfield State University, and a certified athletic trainer.

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Robert Huggins is the Director of Elite Athlete Health and Performance at the Korey Stringer Institute, a doctoral student in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut, and a certified athletic trainer.

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Rebecca Stearns is the Vice President of Operations and Chief Education Officer at the Korey Stringer Institute, a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Korey Stringer Institute, and a certified athletic trainer.

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Lesley Vandermark is the Assistant Director of Research at the Korey Stringer Institute, a doctoral student in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut, and a certified athletic trainer.

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© 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association