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Stretching and Its Effects on Recovery: A Review

Sands, William A. PhD, CSCS1; McNeal, Jeni R. PhD, CSCS*D2; Murray, Steven R. DA3; Ramsey, Michael W. PhD1; Sato, Kimitake PhD1; Mizuguchi, Satoshi PhD1; Stone, Michael H. PhD, FNSCA1

Strength & Conditioning Journal:
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000004
Article
Abstract

ABSTRACT: STRETCHING IS A COMMONLY PRESCRIBED EXERCISE ACTIVITY THAT HAS BEEN APPLIED TO WARM-UP, INCREASING RANGE OF MOTION (ROM), AND RECOVERY FROM TRAINING. THE PRACTITIONER SHOULD UNDERSTAND THE EFFECTS OF STRETCHING EXERCISE AND THE INHERENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TYPES OF STRETCHING EXERCISES AND ACTIVITIES DESIGNED TO ENHANCE LOOSENESS AND FREEDOM OF MOTION. STRETCHING TO ENHANCE ROM MAY BE CONTRAINDICATED WHEN APPLIED TO RECOVERY ACTIVITIES. STRETCHING FOR RECOVERY SHOULD BE PAIN-FREE MOTION WITHIN THE CONSTRAINTS OF MAXIMUM ROM OF A JOINT. FOR A VIDEO ABSTRACT OF THIS ARTICLE, SEE SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1 (SEE VIDEO, http://links.lww.com/SCJ/A119).

Author Information

1Department of Exercise and Sport Science, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee;

2Department of Physical Education, Health, and Recreation, Eastern Washington University, Cheney, Washington; and

3Department of Kinesiology, Colorado Mesa University, Grand Junction, Colorado

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (http://journals.lww.com/nsca-scj).

William A. Sands is a professor in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.

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Jeni R. McNeal is a professor at Eastern Washington University and Strength and Conditioning Consultant for United States Diving.

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Steven R. Murray is a professor at Colorado Mesa University.

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Michael W. Ramsey is the chair of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.

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Kimitake Sato is an assistant professor in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science, and an adjunct faculty for Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education at East Tennessee State University.

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Satoshi Mizuguchi is an assistant professor in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.

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Michael H. Stone is the laboratory supervisor, PhD coordinator, and a professor in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.

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© 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association