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Sleep, Recovery, and Athletic Performance: A Brief Review and Recommendations

Bird, Stephen P. PhD, CSCS1,2

Strength & Conditioning Journal:
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e3182a62e2f
Article
Abstract

ABSTRACT: SLEEP HAS BEEN IDENTIFIED AS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO OPTIMAL ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE. HOWEVER, THE PSYCHOSOCIOPHYSIOLOGICAL STRESSES PLACED ON ELITE ATHLETES MAY RESULT IN AN INABILITY TO GAIN APPROPRIATE SLEEP. IMPROVING AN ATHLETE'S SLEEP HYGIENE IS SEEN AS A KEY STRATEGY THAT COULD HAVE POWERFUL IMPLICATIONS FOR ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE. THEREFORE, THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE IS TO (A) OVERVIEW THE IMPACT OF SLEEP ON RECOVERY AND ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE; (B) OUTLINE SLEEP HYGIENE STRATEGIES; AND (C) PROVIDE SLEEP RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ATHLETES AND COACHES. THE SLEEP HYGIENE STRATEGIES PRESENTED IN THIS ARTICLE REPRESENT A PRACTICAL APPROACH TO IMPROVE SLEEP IN ELITE ATHLETES.

Author Information

1Exercise and Sports Science Laboratories, School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia; and

2Perth Wildcats, WA Basketball Centre, Floreat, Western Australia, Australia

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: This manuscript is part of a series of studies funded by a Charles Sturt University Faculty Small Grant (to S.P.B.).

Stephen P. Bird is a senior lecturer in School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, head of Strength and Conditioning at the Western Region Academy of Sport, and sports scientist, Perth Wildcats Basketball.

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© 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association