ABSTRACT: OSTEOPOROSIS IS A COMMON CONDITION THAT CAN AFFECT BOTH MEN AND WOMEN, TYPICALLY AFTER THE FOURTH DECADE OF LIFE. OFTEN, PHYSICIANS ADVISE PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH OSTEOPOROSIS TO EXERCISE, BUT FREQUENTLY OFFER NO SPECIFICS. BY GAINING A SOUND UNDERSTANDING OF THE MECHANISM INVOLVED WITH OSTEOPOROSIS, THE EXERCISE PROFESSIONAL WILL BE BETTER SUITED TO DESIGN EXERCISE AND INJURY PREVENTION PROGRAMS FOR THIS CLIENT POPULATION. THE PURPOSE OF THIS MANUSCRIPT IS TO DEFINE OSTEOPOROSIS, REVIEW THE DIAGNOSTIC PROCESS, AND DISCUSS TREATMENT OPTIONS WITH AN EMPHASIS ON EXERCISE INTERVENTIONS.
1Department of Physical Therapy, University of St. Augustine, St. Augustine, Florida; and
2Department of Physical Therapy, Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.
Eric J. Chaconas is an assistant professor in the Department of Physical Therapy at the University of St. Augustine.
Ovidio Olivencia is an instructor in the Department of Physical Therapy at Nova Southeastern University.
Brian S. Russ is an instructor in the Department of Physical Therapy at Nova Southeastern University.