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Skip Navigation LinksHome > June 2013 - Volume 35 - Issue 3 > Understanding Stretch Shortening Cycle Ability in Youth
Strength & Conditioning Journal:
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e318295560a
Article

Understanding Stretch Shortening Cycle Ability in Youth

Sahrom, Sofyan B. BSc(Sports Science), PGDip(Physical Conditioning)1; Cronin, John B. PhD; Harris, Nigel K. PhD2

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: EXTENSIVE RESEARCH HAS INVESTIGATED STRETCH-SHORTENING CYCLE (SSC) PERFORMANCE IN ADULTS; HOWEVER, TO DATE, ONLY A FEW STUDIES HAVE INVESTIGATED SSC ABILITY IN YOUTHS. YOUTHS UNDERGOING PUBERTY EXPERIENCE MANY PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES, WHICH INCLUDE CHANGES TO NEUROMUSCULAR AND MUSCULOTENDINOUS SYSTEMS. TO UNDERSTAND THE POSSIBLE DIFFERENCES IN SSC ABILITY, THIS REVIEW WILL (A) BRIEFLY DISCUSS MATURATION (BIOLOGICAL VS. CHRONOLOGICAL), (B) DISCUSS THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE ACTIVE AND PASSIVE COMPONENTS TO SSC ABILITY AND HOW THESE COMPONENTS MAY CHANGE WITH MATURATION, AND (C) REVIEW THE LITERATURE THAT HAS QUANTIFIED SSC ABILITY ACROSS MATURATION VIA COMPARISON OF COUNTERMOVEMENT AND SQUAT JUMP PERFORMANCE.

© 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association

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