ABSTRACT: ALTHOUGH THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF REGULAR EXERCISE FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS ARE EXTENSIVE, MOST YOUTH FAIL TO MEET CURRENT RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DAILY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. SPECIFICALLY, AN INCREASING NUMBER OF YOUTH DEMONSTRATE SYMPTOMS OF EXERCISE DEFICIT DISORDER DURING THE GROWING YEARS, WHICH CAN LEAD TO A PROGRESSION OF PATHOLOGICAL PROCESSES. ALTHOUGH THE CRITICAL IMPORTANCE OF THIS PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERN HAS YET TO GARNER THE RECOGNITION TO SUPPORT HEALTH CARE REFORM, PHYSICAL INACTIVITY SHOULD BE IDENTIFIED EARLY IN LIFE AND YOUNG PATIENTS SHOULD BE REFERRED TO A PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SPECIALIST FOR PREVENTATIVE CARE.
1Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey
2Department of Physiology and Health, School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
3Department of Science & Health, Institute of Technology Carlow, Carlow, Ireland
4Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
5Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
6Departments of Family Medicine, Biomedical Engineering, and Physiology & Cell Biology, The Ohio State University Sports Medicine Center, Columbus, Ohio
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding:The authors acknowledge funding support from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases grants (R01-AR05563).
Avery D. Faigenbaum is a full professor in the Department of Health and Exercise Science at The College of New Jersey.
Rhodri S. Lloyd is a lecturer in Physiology and Health at Cardiff Metropolitan University and is pediatric lead for the United Kingdom Strength and Conditioning Association.
Damien Sheehan is a program director and lecturer in the Department of Science & Health at the Institute of Technology Carlow in Ireland.
Gregory D. Myer is director of Research and the Human Performance Laboratory for the Division of Sports Medicine at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and holds primary academic appointments in the Departments of Pediatrics and Orthopaedic Surgery within the College of Medicine at University of Cincinnati.