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Developing Speed Throughout Childhood and Adolescence: The Role of Growth, Maturation and Training

Oliver, Jon L. PhD1; Lloyd, Rhodri S. PhD, ASCC, CSCS*D1; Rumpf, Michael C. PhD2,3

Strength & Conditioning Journal: June 2013 - Volume 35 - Issue 3 - p 42–48
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e3182919d32
Article

ABSTRACT SPEED IS A FUNDAMENTAL COMPONENT OF MANY SPORTS, AND THE ABILITY TO SPRINT IS OFTEN A DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTIC OF SUCCESSFUL PERFORMANCE. THIS ARTICLE REVIEWS EVIDENCE EXAMINING SPEED DEVELOPMENT DURING CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE, WITH A SPECIFIC FOCUS ON THE IMPACT OF MOVEMENT SKILL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOMECHANICAL FACTORS. GUIDELINES ARE PROVIDED TO ASSIST STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING COACHES WITH LONG-TERM PLANNING OF TRAINING TO MAXIMIZE SPEED DEVELOPMENT THROUGHOUT CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE.

1Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, United Kingdom;

2Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand; and

3New Zealand Football, Northcross, New Zealand

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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Jon L. Oliver is a senior lecturer in Sport and Exercise Physiology at Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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Rhodri S. Lloyd is a Lecturer in Physiology at Cardiff Metropolitan University and also a board director for the UK Strength and Conditioning Association.

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Michael C. Rumpf is a National Sport Scientist for New Zealand Football and has recently completed a PhD in sprint running kinetics and kinematics in youths at Auckland University of Technology.

© 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association