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Review of Strength and Conditioning for Alpine Ski Racing

Hydren, Jay R. MS, CSCS; Volek, Jeff S. PhD, RD; Maresh, Carl M. PhD; Comstock, Brett A. MA; Kraemer, William J. PhD, CSCS*D, FNSCA

Strength & Conditioning Journal:
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e31828238be
Article
Abstract

SUMMARY: THE SPORT OF ALPINE SKI RACING REQUIRES RELATIVELY SLOW ECCENTRIC AND CONCENTRIC MOVEMENTS AS COMPARED WITH TRADITIONAL FIELD SPORTS WITH COURSE DURATIONS FROM 40 SECONDS TO MORE THAN 2 MINUTES. CONTROLLING THE SKI SNOW CONTACT AND THE ABILITY TO LIMIT THE DISSIPATION OF SPEED REQUIRES DYNAMIC BALANCE AND ECCENTRIC MOVEMENT THROUGH A WIDE RANGE OF LOWER LIMB AND HIP MOBILITY. STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING SHOULD FOCUS ON HYPERTROPHY, MAXIMAL STRENGTH, POWER, BALANCE, DYNAMIC MOBILITY, AND ANAEROBIC METABOLIC SUPPORT. THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE IS TO PROVIDE THE NECESSARY BACKGROUND FOR A STRENGTH COACH TO IMPLEMENT AS MUCH EVIDENCE-BASED COACHING AS POSSIBLE FOR ALPINE SKI RACING.

Author Information

Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding. The opinions or assertions contained herein are the private views of the author(s) and are not to be construed as official or as reflecting the views of the Army or the Department of Defense.

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Jay R. Hydren is a research assistant at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts.

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Jeff S. Volek is a professor working in the Human Performance Laboratory in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut.

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Carl M. Maresh a board of trustees distinguished professor, director, Human Performance Laboratory in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut.

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Brett A. Comstock is a doctoral fellow working in the Human Performance Laboratory in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut.

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William J. Kraemer is the editor of the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research and a professor in the Department of Kinesiology working in the Human Performance Laboratory at the University of Connecticut.

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© 2013 National Strength and Conditioning Association