SUMMARY: THE PUSH-UP IS WIDELY USED BY FITNESS PROFESSIONALS TO DEVELOP UPPER-BODY STRENGTH, POWER, AND LOCAL MUSCULAR ENDURANCE. ALTHOUGH THE LOAD DURING A PUSH-UP IS LIMITED BY AN INDIVIDUAL'S BODYWEIGHT AND ANTHROPOMETRY, MANY BIOMECHANICAL VARIATIONS OF THE EXERCISE CAN BE PERFORMED. THESE VARIATIONS MAY INVOLVE ALTERING HAND AND FOOT POSITIONS, WHICH IMPACTS MUSCLE RECRUITMENT PATTERNS AND JOINT STRESSES. THE IMPLICATIONS OF THESE VARIATIONS MAY BE OVERLOOKED WITH RESPECT TO THE INDIVIDUAL NEEDS AND GOALS OF THE CLIENT.
1Department of Sport Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
2Department of Exercise Science, Lehman College, Bronx, New York
3University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico
4Department of Health Science, City University of New York, Lehman College, Queens, New York
5Sports Performance Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
6Ottawa Osteopathy and Sports Therapy, Ottawa, Canada
The One-On-One Column provides scientifically supported, practical information for personal trainers who work with apparently healthy individuals or medically cleared special populations.
COLUMN EDITOR: Paul Sorace, MS, RCEP, CSCS*
Bret Contreras is a practicing strength coach and is currently pursuing his PhD at AUT University.
Brad Schoenfeld is a lecturer in the exercise science program at CUNY Lehman College and a doctoral student at Rocky Mountain University.
Jonathan Mike is a doctoral candidate in exercise physiology at the University of New Mexico.
Gul Tiryaki-Sonmez is an associate professor in the department of health science at CUNY Lehman College and program director of their exercise science program.
John Cronin is a Professor in Strength and Conditioning at AUT University, NZ and an Adjunct Professor at Edith Cowan University.
Elsbeth Vaino is a strength and conditioning consultant and personal trainer.