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Exercise as a Management Strategy for the Overweight and Obese: Where Does Resistance Exercise Fit in?

Sword, David O. PT, DPT, CSCS

Strength & Conditioning Journal: October 2012 - Volume 34 - Issue 5 - p 47–55
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e31826d9403
Article

SUMMARY: EXCESS BODYWEIGHT, SPECIFICALLY EXCESS FAT WEIGHT, INCREASES THE RISK OF CHRONIC DISEASE AND PREMATURE DEATH. INCREASED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY/EXERCISE IS A RECOMMENDED STRATEGY FOR THOSE SEEKING TO EFFECTIVELY REDUCE AND MANAGE BODYWEIGHT. TRADITIONALLY, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT EXERCISE RECOMMENDATIONS HAVE FOCUSED ON AEROBIC-TYPE ACTIVITIES, SUCH AS WALKING, BIKING, SWIMMING, AND THE LIKE, WHICH TEND TO RESULT IN A SIGNIFICANT CALORIC EXPENDITURE DURING THE EXERCISE SESSION. STUDIES SUGGEST THAT RESISTANCE EXERCISE CAN ALSO PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN A LONG-TERM WEIGHT MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, ALBEIT THROUGH DIFFERENT MECHANISMS. THIS ARTICLE EXPLORES CURRENT ACTIVITY/EXERCISE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WEIGHT LOSS/MANAGEMENT AND DISCUSSES THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF RESISTANCE EXERCISE.

College of Health Professions and Weight Management Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina

David Sword is an associate professor in the College of Health Professions and Weight Management Center at the Medical University of South Carolina.

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© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association