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Long-Term Athletic Development and Its Application to Youth Weightlifting

Lloyd, Rhodri S. PhD, CSCS*D1; Oliver, Jon L. PhD2; Meyers, Robert W. MSc2; Moody, Jeremy A. PhD2; Stone, Michael H. PhD, FNSCA3

Strength & Conditioning Journal: August 2012 - Volume 34 - Issue 4 - p 55–66
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e31825ab4bb
Article

SUMMARY: CONSIDERABLE CONTROVERSY AND MISGUIDED INFORMATION HAS SURROUNDED THE INCLUSION OF WEIGHTLIFTING WITHIN YOUTH-BASED STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAMS TO DEVELOP STRENGTH, POWER, AND SPEED. THIS ARTICLE REVIEWS THE EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT ITS INCLUSION AS A SAFE AND EFFECTIVE MEANS TO ENHANCE ATHLETIC POTENTIAL. GUIDELINES ARE PRESENTED TO PROVIDE COACHES WITH A STRUCTURED AND LOGICAL PROGRESSION MODEL, WHICH IS ASSOCIATED WITH THE THEORETICAL CONCEPTS UNDERPINNING LONG-TERM ATHLETIC DEVELOPMENT. IT IS HOPED THAT THIS REVIEW WILL SERVE AS A USEFUL TOOL TO HELP STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING COACHES INTEGRATE WEIGHTLIFTING EXERCISES WITHIN TRAINING PROGRAMS OF YOUNG ATHLETES IN A SAFE AND EFFECTIVE MANNER.

1Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester, United Kingdom

2Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, United Kingdom

3Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee

Rhodri S. Lloyd is the Program Director for the Sport Strength and Conditioning degrees at the University of Gloucestershire.

Jon L. Oliver is a lecturer in Sport and Exercise Physiology at the University of Wales Institute Cardiff.

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Robert W. Meyers is a senior lecturer in Strength and Conditioning, Rehabilitation and Massage at the University of Wales Institute Cardiff.

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Jeremy Moody is Program Director of the Strength and Conditioning, Rehabilitation and Massage degrees at the University of Wales Institute Cardiff.

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Michael H. Stone is the Exercise and Sports Science Laboratory Director in the Department of Kinesiology, Leisure, and Sport Sciences at East Tennessee State University.

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© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association