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Maximum Speed: Misconceptions of Sprinting

Brown, Todd D. BS1; Vescovi, Jason D. PhD2

Strength & Conditioning Journal: April 2012 - Volume 34 - Issue 2 - p 37–41
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e31824ea156
Article

SUMMARY DESPITE THE RESEARCH AVAILABLE TO COACHES AND PERFORMANCE PROFESSIONALS, TRAINING METHODOLOGY FOR SPRINTING AT MAXIMUM SPEED IS OFTEN MUDDLED BY ANECDOTAL EVIDENCE. THESE APPROACHES DEVIATE FROM SCIENTIFIC SUPPORT RESULTING IN MISDIRECTED ATTEMPTS TO IMPROVE PERFORMANCE. THIS ARTICLE PROVIDES SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE ON 3 PROMINENT CONSTRUCTS IN THIS AREA: (A) ACHIEVING MAXIMUM SPEED OVER SHORT DISTANCES (<30 M), (B) ROLE OF THE GASTROCNEMIUS-SOLEUS-ACHILLES COMPLEX IN SPRINT PERFORMANCE, AND (C) THE PHASE OF THE SPRINT CYCLE THAT LIKELY PLAYS A DOMINANT ROLE IN ACHIEVING MAXIMUM SPEED. THE DATA PRESENTED UNDERPINS AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH FOR SPEED TRAINING.

1Extra Innings Baseball, Sarasota, Florida

2School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario

Todd D. Brown is the director of Sports Science, Extra Innings.

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Jason D. Vescovi is a research associate in the School of Kinesiology and Health Science at the York University, an applied sport scientist at the Canadian Sport Centre Ontario, and the physiologist for the Canadian Women's National Field Hockey team.

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© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association