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Nutrition and Hydration Issues for Combat Sport Athletes

Hoffman, Jay R PhD, CSCS*D, FNSCA1; Maresh, Carl M PhD2

Strength & Conditioning Journal:
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e318237247e
Articles
Abstract

TO OPTIMIZE PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS AND TO ENHANCE SKELETAL MUSCLE RECOVERY FROM HIGH-INTENSITY TRAINING, THE ATHLETE NEEDS TO ENSURE ADEQUATE ENERGY AND PROTEIN CONSUMPTION. PROTEIN INTAKE MAY HAVE EVEN GREATER RELEVANCE DURING PERIODS OF WEIGHT LOSS OFTEN ASSOCIATED WITH THE COMBAT SPORT ATHLETE. COMBAT SPORT ATHLETES OFTEN USE WATER RESTRICTION TO ACCOMPLISH DESIRED WEIGHT LOSS. THIS HAS SEVERAL IMPORTANT PERFORMANCE AND PHYSIOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS THAT POSE SIGNIFICANT HEALTH RISKS. THIS PAPER WILL FOCUS ON SEVERAL NUTRITIONAL AND HYDRATION STRATEGIES AND HOW THEY SPECIFICALLY RELATE TO COMBAT SPORTS WITH REGARD TO TRAINING AND COMPETITION.

Author Information

1Sport and Exercise Science Program, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida; and 2Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut

Jay R. Hoffman is full professor and coordinator of the Sport and Exercise Science program at the University of Central Florida.

Carl M. Maresh is Department Head of Kinesiology and Director of the Human Performance Laboratory at the University of Connecticut.

© 2011 National Strength and Conditioning Association