INSULIN RESISTANCE (IR) IS A GROWING PROBLEM IN THE UNITED STATES. EXERCISE IS AN EFFECTIVE TREATMENT IN THE MANAGEMENT OF IR THROUGH ENHANCED INSULIN SENSITIVITY, INCREASED SKELETAL MUSCLE GLUCOSE UPTAKE, AND IMPROVED B-CELL FUNCTION. ADDITIONALLY, EXERCISE MAY POSITIVELY MODIFY COMORBIDITIES OFTEN ASSOCIATED WITH IR.
The Special Populations Column provides personal trainers who work with apparently healthy or medically cleared special populations with scientifically supported background information.
1Department of Kinesiology, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina; and 2Optimus: The Center for Health, Columbia, Missouri
Lance Bollinger is a doctorial student in Bioenergetics and Exercise Science at East Carolina University.
Tom LaFontaine manages PREVENT Consulting Services and Optimus: The Center for Health and is an adjunct professor at the University of Missouri.