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The Natural Development and Trainability of Plyometric Ability During Childhood

Lloyd, Rhodri S MSc, CSCS, ASCC; Meyers, Robert W MSc, ASCC; Oliver, Jon L PhD

Strength & Conditioning Journal: April 2011 - Volume 33 - Issue 2 - p 23-32
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e3182093a27
Article

THE INCLUSION OF PLYOMETRICS WITHIN YOUTH-BASED STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAMS IS BECOMING MORE POPULAR AS A MEANS TO DEVELOP STRETCH-SHORTENING CYCLE ABILITY. PLYOMETRIC TRAINING ADAPTATIONS HAVE PREVIOUSLY BEEN REPORTED FOR RUNNING VELOCITY, POWER, AGILITY, AND RUNNING ECONOMY, AND THEREFORE, ATHLETES SHOULD BE EXPOSED TO THIS TRAINING MODALITY AT SOME POINT DURING THEIR TRAINING PROGRAM. HOWEVER, SOME UNCERTAINTY STILL EXISTS WITH REGARD TO PROGRAM DESIGN, ESPECIALLY WHEN TAKING GROWTH AND MATURATIONAL FACTORS INTO ACCOUNT. THIS ARTICLE REVIEWS THE CURRENT YOUTH-BASED PLYOMETRIC LITERATURE AND PROVIDES A TRAINING PROGRESSION MODEL BASED AROUND THE LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT OF YOUNG ATHLETES.

1Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Gloucestershire, United Kingdom; and 2Cardiff School of Sport, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, United Kingdom

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Rhodri S. Lloyd is a Senior Lecturer and Course Leader for the BSc Sport Strength and Conditioning degree at the University of Gloucestershire.

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Robert W. Meyers is a lecturer in Strength and Conditioning, Rehabilitation and Massage at the University of Wales Institute Cardiff.

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Jon L. Oliver is a lecturer in Sport and Exercise Physiology at the University of Wales Institute Cardiff.

© 2011 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association