MIXED MARTIAL ARTS (MMA) IS AN EXCITING AND COMPLEX SPORT THAT COMBINES THE TECHNIQUES OF BOXING, MUAY THAI KICKBOXING, AND VARIOUS GRAPPLING DISCIPLINES SUCH AS GRECO-ROMAN WRESTLING, FREESTYLE WRESTLING, AND BRAZILIAN JIU-JITSU. MMA IS A PHYSIOLOGICALLY DEMANDING SPORT. IT CAN POTENTIALLY CHALLENGE AND TAX ALL OF THE ENERGY SYSTEMS, AND THE POSSIBILITY OF OVERREACHING/OVERTRAINING IS A CONCERN. TO DATE, THERE IS LIMITED PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH EXAMINING THE OPTIMAL TRAINING METHODS FOR AN ATHLETE COMPETING IN MMA. THE PURPOSE OF THIS REVIEW IS TO DISCUSS SOME OF THE AVAILABLE PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH SURROUNDING THIS SPORT AND PROVIDE GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING SPECIALISTS.
1Baylor University, Waco, Texas; 2Exercise and Performance Nutrition Laboratory, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida; 3The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York; 4Schools of Medicine and Human Movement Studies at the University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia; and 5Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
Paul La Bounty an assistant professor of Human Anatomy, Physiology, and Nutrition at Baylor University in Waco, Texas.
Bill Campbell an assistant professor of Exercise Science and director of the Exercise and Performance Nutrition Laboratory at the University of South Florida in Tampa, Florida.
Elfego Galvan currently working toward his M.S. in Nutrition from The State University of New York at Buffalo.
Matthew Cooke a postdoctoral research fellow in the Schools of Medicine and Human Movement Studies at the University of Queensland in Queensland, Australia.
Jose Antonio an assistant professor of Biology at NOVA Southeastern in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. He is the CEO and cofounder of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.