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Effect of Electromyostimulation Training on Muscle Strength and Sports Performance

Seyri, Kayvan M MSc, NSCA-CPT*D, CSCS; Maffiuletti, Nicola A PhD

Strength & Conditioning Journal: February 2011 - Volume 33 - Issue 1 - pp 70-75
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e3182079f11
Article

ELECTROMYOSTIMULATION (EMS) IS A WIDELY USED METHODOLOGY IN APPLIED SPORTS SCIENCE. IN CONTRAST TO A TYPICAL VOLUNTARY CONTRACTION INITIATED BY THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (E.G., IN RESISTANCE TRAINING), EMS INVOLVES INVOLUNTARY CONTRACTIONS ELICITED BY ELECTRICAL CURRENT APPLIED TO THE MUSCLE. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THIS TECHNIQUE HAS BEEN EVALUATED IN NUMEROUS STUDIES EXAMINING STRENGTH AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE. OTHER REPORTS COMPARING SHORT-TERM (I.E., ≤3 WEEKS) AND LONG-TERM (I.E., ≥12 WEEKS) EMS APPLICATION HAVE ALSO REPORTED DIFFERENTIAL RESULTS. THIS ARTICLE WILL REVIEW RESEARCH EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF EMS ON INCREASING STRENGTH AND POWER, ESPECIALLY IN SPORTS PERFORMANCE.

1A.T. Still University, Kirksville, Missouri; and 2Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland

Kayvan Seyri is the athletic performance trainer for the U18 England women's National Basketball Team and the owner of Kayvan Seyri's Personal Training in London, United Kingdom.

Nicola A. Maffiuletti is the director of the Neuromuscular Research Laboratory at the Schulthess Clinic in Zurich (Switzerland) and an assistant professor at the University of Burgundy in Dijon (France).

© 2011 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association