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Strength & Conditioning Journal:
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e3181af65e1
Article

Biomechanics of the Tennis Serve: Implications for Strength Training

Roetert, E Paul PhD1; Ellenbecker, Todd S DPT, MS, CSCS2; Reid, Machar PhD3

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Abstract

THE DESIGN OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAMS SPECIFIC TO TENNIS HAS RECEIVED SIGNIFICANT ATTENTION, PARTICULARLY OVER THE PAST 25 YEARS. MUCH OF THE AVAILABLE RESEARCH IS BASED ON OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL DEMANDS OF TENNIS. LESS IS KNOWN ABOUT THE LINK BETWEEN THE ACTUAL STROKES (SERVES, FOREHANDS, AND BACKHANDS) AND THE SPECIFIC TRAINING METHODS NEEDED FOR OPTIMAL PERFORMANCE OF THESE STROKES. IN FACT, MOST OF THE BIOMECHANICS LITERATURE SPECIFIC TO TENNIS HAS FOCUSED ON THE AREAS OF PERFORMANCE, PHYSICAL STRESS, AND EQUIPMENT DESIGN. THIS REVIEW WILL FOCUS ON THE GAME'S MOST IMPORTANT STROKE, THE SERVE, AND RECOMMEND SPECIFIC STRENGTH TRAINING EXERCISES TO HELP OPTIMIZE PERFORMANCE OF THIS STROKE.

© 2009 National Strength and Conditioning Association

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