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Forms of Variable Resistance Training

McMaster, D Travis1; Cronin, John PhD1,2; McGuigan, Michael PhD, CSCS1

Strength & Conditioning Journal:
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e318195ad32
Articles
Abstract

RESISTANCE TRAINING METHODS HAVE BEEN BROADLY CLASSIFIED INTO 3 CATEGORIES: CONSTANT, ACCOMMODATING, AND VARIABLE RESISTANCE. VARIABLE RESISTANCE TRAINING METHODS, WHICH INCLUDES CAMS AND LEVERS, CHAINS, AND RUBBER-BASED RESISTANCE, WILL BE THE FOCUS OF THIS ARTICLE. THE KINEMATICS, KINETICS, AND HUMAN STRENGTH CURVE CHARACTERISTICS ASSOCIATED WITH THESE 3 TYPES OF VARIABLE RESISTANCE ARE DISCUSSED, GIVEN THAT EACH RESISTANCE TYPE MAY OFFER A UNIQUE SET OF MECHANICAL STIMULI AND, HENCE, MUSCULOSKELETAL ADAPTATIONS. THE PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS AND LIMITATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH FORM OF VARIABLE RESISTANCE WILL ALSO BE CONSIDERED.

Author Information

1Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia; and 2AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand

Travis McMaster is a Master of Sports Science student specializing in biomechanics at Edith Cowan University, Western Australia.

John Cronin is an Associate Professor at Edith Cowan University.

Michael McGuigan is a Senior Lecturer at Edith Cowan University and a strength and conditioning specialist.

© 2009 National Strength and Conditioning Association