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Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes: Cause and Prevention

Johnson, James H PhD

Strength & Conditioning Journal: April 2008 - Volume 30 - Issue 2 - pp 27-31
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e31816a21cb
Articles

THE FREQUENCY OF OVERUSE INJURIES IN CHILDREN HAS INCREASED IN RECENT YEARS. INCREASED INTEREST IN SPORTS AS WELL AS THE INCREASE IN SPORTS SPECIALIZATION BY CHILDREN IS ONE CAUSE. EXTRINSIC AND INTRINSIC FACTORS PREDISPOSE AN INDIVIDUAL TO OVERUSE INJURIES, BUT ONE SYSTEMATIC CAUSE IS IMPROPER TRAINING. OVERUSE INJURIES RESULT FROM REPEATED SUBMAXIMAL STRESS FOLLOWED BY INADEQUATE RECOVERY. CHILDREN INCUR SPECIFIC OVERUSE INJURIES AS THE RESULT OF GROWTH. STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTING OVERUSE INJURIES INCLUDE (A) THE USE OF VARIED PRACTICE TO REDUCE JOINT STRESS AND ENHANCE LEARNING, (B) PLANNED REST, (C) GRADUAL PROGRESSION, AND (D) CROSS-TRAINING.

Exercise and Sport Studies, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts

James Johnson is Professor of Exercise & Sport Studies at Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts.

© 2008 National Strength and Conditioning Association