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The Effects of a 7-Week Heavy Elastic Band and Weight Chain Program on Upper-Body Strength and Upper-Body Power in a Sample of Division 1-AA Football Players

Ghigiarelli, Jamie J1; Nagle, Elizabeth F2; Gross, Fredric L2; Robertson, Robert J2; Irrgang, James J3; Myslinski, Tom4

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: May 2009 - Volume 23 - Issue 3 - pp 756-764
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a2b8a2
Original Research

Ghigiarelli, JJ, Nagle, EF, Gross, FL, Robertson, RJ, Irrgang, JJ, and Myslinski, T. The effects of a 7-wk heavy elastic band and weight chain program on upper body strength and upper body power in a sample of Division 1-AA football players. J Strength Cond Res 23(3): 756-764, 2009-The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a 7-week heavy elastic band and weighted-chain program on maximum muscular strength and maximum power in the bench press exercise. Thirty-six (n = 36) healthy men aged 18-30 years old, from the Robert Morris University football team, volunteered to participate in this study. During the first week, predicted 1 repetition maximum (1RM) bench press and a 5RM speed bench press tests were conducted. Subjects were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 12): elastic band (EB), weighted chain (WC), and traditional bench (C). During weeks 2-8 of the study, subjects were required to follow the prescribed resistance training program. Mean and SD of the predicted 1RM bench press and 5RM speed bench press were computed. A two-factor (method X time) analysis was applied to identify significant differences between the training groups. Significance was set at α = 0.05. Results indicated a significant time (p < 0.05) but no group effect for both predicted 1RM (kg) and 5RM peak power tests (watts). Although not significant, results did show greater nonsignificant improvements in the EB (848-883 W) and WC groups (856-878 W) vs. control (918-928 W) when the 2 highest and greatest values were selected regarding peak power. The use of EB and WC in conjunction with a general offseason strength and conditioning program can increase overall maximum upper-body strength in a sample of Division 1-AA football players. These types of training modalities add a unique training style and more flexibility with respect to exercise prescription for athletes and strength practitioners.

1Department of Wellness and Human Performance, Southwest Minnesota State University, Marshall, Minnesota; 2Departments of Health and Physical Activity; 3Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and 4National Football League, Head Strength Coach: Cleveland Browns, Cleveland, Ohio

Address correspondence to Jamie J. Ghigiarelli, ghigiarellija@southwestmsu.edu.

© 2009 National Strength and Conditioning Association