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EFFECTS OF TWENTY-EIGHT DAYS OF BETA-ALANINE AND CREATINE MONOHYDRATE SUPPLEMENTATION ON THE PHYSICAL WORKING CAPACITY AT NEUROMUSCULAR FATIGUE THRESHOLD.

STOUT, JEFFREY R.; CRAMER, JOEL T.; MIELKE, MICHELLE; O'KROY, JOSEPH; TOROK, DON J.; ZOELLER, ROBERT F.
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: November 2006
ORIGINAL RESEARCH: PDF Only

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 28 days of beta-alanine (b-Ala) and creatine monohydrate (CrM) supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue by using the physical working capacity at neuromuscular fatigue threshold (PWCFT) test in untrained men. Fifty-one men (mean age +/- SD = 24.5 +/- 5.3 years) volunteered to participate in this 28-day, double-blind, placebo-controlled study and were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: placebo (PLA; 34 g dextrose; n = 13), CrM (5.25 g CrM plus 34 g dextrose; n = 12), b-Ala (1.6 g b-Ala plus 34 g of dextrose; n = 12), or b-Ala plus CrM (CrBA; 5.25 g CrM plus 1.6 g b-Ala plus 34 g dextrose; n = 14). The supplement was ingested 4 times per day for 6 consecutive days, then twice per day for 22 days before posttesting. Before and after the supplementation, subjects performed a continuous incremental cycle ergometry test while a surface electromyographic signal was recorded from the vastus lateralis muscle to determine PWCFT. The adjusted mean posttest PWCFT values (covaried for pretest PWCFT values) for the b-Ala and CrBA groups were greater than those for the PLA group (p <= 0.05). However, there were no differences between the CrM vs. PLA, CrBA vs. b-Ala, CrM vs. b-Ala, or CrM vs. CrBA groups (p > 0.05). These findings suggested that b-Ala supplementation may delay the onset of neuromuscular fatigue. Furthermore, there appeared to be no additive or unique effects of CrM vs. b-Ala alone on PWCFT.

(C) 2006 National Strength and Conditioning Association