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Effects of Wearing a Compression Garment During Night Sleep on Recovery From High-Intensity Eccentric-Concentric Quadriceps Muscle Fatigue

Shimokochi, Yohei1; Kuwano, Satoshi1; Yamaguchi, Taichi2; Abutani, Hiroyuki1,3; Shima, Norihiro4

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: October 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 10 - p 2816–2824
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002116
Original Research

Abstract: Shimokochi, Y, Kuwano, S, Yamaguchi, T, Abutani, H, and Shima, N. Effects of wearing a compression garment during night sleep on recovery from high-intensity eccentric-concentric quadriceps muscle fatigue. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2816–2824, 2017—This study aimed to investigate the effects of wearing a compression garment (CG) during night sleep on muscle fatigue recovery after high-intensity eccentric and concentric knee extensor exercises. Seventeen male college students participated in 2 experimental sessions under CG and non-CG (NCG) wearing conditions. Before night sleep under CG or NCG wearing conditions, the subjects performed a fatiguing protocol consisting of 10 sets of 10 repetitions of maximal isokinetic eccentric and concentric knee extensor contractions, with 30-second rest intervals between the sets. Immediately before and after and 24 hours after the fatiguing protocol, maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) force for knee extensor muscles was measured; surface electromyographic data from the vastus medialis and rectus femoris were also measured. A 2-way repeated-measure analysis of variance followed by Bonferroni pairwise comparisons were used to analyze the differences in each variable. Paired-sample t-tests were used to analyze the mean differences between the conditions at the same time points for each variable. The MVIC 24 hours after the fatiguing protocol was approximately 10% greater in the CG than in the NCG condition (p = 0.033). Changes in the electromyographic variables over time did not significantly differ between the conditions. Thus, it was concluded that wearing a CG during night sleep may promote localized muscle fatigue recovery but does not influence neurological factors after the fatiguing exercise.

1Sport Medicine and Science Research Laboratory, Graduate School of Health and Sport Sciences, Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, Osaka, Japan;

2Laboratory of Food Ecology and Sports Science, Department of Food Science and Human Wellness, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment Sciences, Rakuno Gakuen University, Hokkaido, Japan;

3Smart System Strength, Hyogo, Japan; and

4Department of Sport and Health Science, School of Sport and Health Science, Tokai Gakuen University, Aichi, Japan

Address correspondence to Yohei Shimokochi, yshimoko@ouhs.ac.jp.

Copyright © 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.