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Metabolic, Cardiovascular, and Perceptual Responses to a Thermogenic Nutritional Supplement at Rest, During Exercise, and Recovery in Men

Bergstrom, Haley C.1; Housh, Terry J.1; Traylor, Daniel A.1; Lewis, Robert W. Jr1; Cochrane, Kristen C.1; Jenkins, Nathaniel D.M.1; Schmidt, Richard J.1; Johnson, Glen O.1; Housh, Dona J.2; Cramer, Joel T.1

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: August 2014 - Volume 28 - Issue 8 - p 2154–2163
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000369
Original Research

Abstract: Bergstrom, HC, Housh, TJ, Traylor, DA, Lewis, Jr RW, Cochrane, KC, Jenkins, NDM, Schmidt, RJ, Johnson, GO, Housh, DJ, and Cramer, JT. Metabolic, cardiovascular, and perceptual responses to a thermogenic nutritional supplement at rest, during exercise, and recovery in men. J Strength Cond Res 28(8): 2154–2163, 2014—Twenty-one men (mean ± SD; age = 23.5 ± 2.6 years, BMI = 26.0 ± 2.4 kg·m−2) completed this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover study to examine acute responses to a thermogenic nutritional supplement. Each testing session included: (a) 30 minutes resting, followed by placebo or thermogenic nutritional supplementation, (b) 50 minutes postsupplementation resting, (c) 60 minutes walking, and (d) 50 minutes postexercise recovery. Gas exchange variables and heart rate (HR) were recorded during each phase. Blood pressure was recorded during all phases except exercise. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded only during exercise. There were no significant differences for any of the measures between the supplement and placebo during the initial resting or postsupplementation phases. During exercise, energy expenditure (EE) (placebo = 18.98–19.06 kJ·min−1 and supplement = 19.44–19.82 kJ·min−1) and V[Combining Dot Above]O2 (placebo = 11.27–11.35 ml·kg−1·min−1; supplement = 11.64–11.82 ml·kg−1·min−1) were greater for the supplement than placebo. There were no differences in respiratory exchange ratio (RER), HR, or RPE between the supplement and placebo during exercise. Postexercise, only V[Combining Dot Above]O2 (placebo = 3.53–3.63 ml·kg−1·min−1; supplement = 3.71–3.84 ml·kg−1·min−1) was greater for the supplement than placebo, but there were no differences in EE, RER, HR, or blood pressure. These findings suggested that the specific blend of ingredients in the thermogenic nutritional supplement, when combined with exercise, increased the metabolic rate with minimal changes in cardiovascular function and no effect on RPE.

1Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska; and

2College of Dentistry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Lincoln, Nebraska

Address correspondence to Haley C. Bergstrom, hbergstrom@unl.edu.

Copyright © 2014 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.