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Application of a Simple Surveillance Method for Detecting the Prevalence and Impact of Overuse Injuries in Professional Men's Basketball

Weiss, Kaitlyn J.1; McGuigan, Michael R.1; Besier, Thor F.2; Whatman, Chris S.1

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: October 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 10 - p 2734–2739
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001739
Original Research

Abstract: Weiss, KJ, McGuigan, MR, Besier, TF, and Whatman, CS. Application of a simple surveillance method for detecting the prevalence and impact of overuse injuries in professional men's basketball. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2734–2739, 2017—The aim of this study was to use the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center (OSTRC) Overuse Injury Questionnaire to record overuse injuries over a single season for a men's professional basketball team to (a) assess the prevalence and severity of overuse injuries and (b) determine the efficacy of this method in identifying overuse injuries in comparison with the team physiotherapist's detection of these injuries. Thirteen athletes from a men's professional basketball team participated in this study. The self-reported, OSTRC injury questionnaire was used to record overuse conditions of the ankle, knee, and lower back over an entire 24-week season. Standard time-loss injury registration methods were also used to record overuse conditions by the physiotherapist. Overuse injury rates per 1,000 hours of athlete exposure and average weekly prevalence of overuse injuries were calculated using the results of the questionnaire. A total of 183 overuse conditions were identified by the questionnaire, whereas only 28 overuse conditions were identified by the physiotherapist. The team's average weekly prevalence of all overuse conditions was 63% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 60–66), with the highest prevalence of injury affecting the lower back (25.9% [95% CI: 19.7–32.1]). The overuse injury rate per 1,000 hours of athlete exposure was 6.4. The OSTRC overuse injury questionnaire captures many more overuse injuries in basketball than standard time-loss methods. The prevalence of lower back injuries is higher than that previously reported in basketball. This additional method of overuse injury surveillance may more accurately quantify the overuse injury problem in basketball and aid earlier intervention and management of these conditions.

1Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand; and

2Auckland Bioengineering Institute and Department of Engineering Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Address correspondence to Kaitlyn Weiss, kweiss@aut.ac.nz.

Copyright © 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.