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Validity and Reliability of the Hawaii Anaerobic Run Test

Kimura, Iris F.1; Stickley, Christopher D.1,2; Lentz, Melissa A.1; Wages, Jennifer J.1; Yanagi, Kazuhiko1; Hetzler, Ronald K.1

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000261
Original Research

Abstract: Kimura, IF, Stickley, CD, Lentz, MA, Wages, JJ, Yanagi, K, and Hetzler, RK. Validity and reliability of the Hawaii anaerobic run test. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1386–1393, 2014—This study examined the reliability and validity of the Hawaii anaerobic run test (HART) by comparing anaerobic capacity measures obtained to those during the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT). Ninety-six healthy physically active volunteers (age, 22.0 ± 2.8 years; height, 163.9 ± 9.5 cm; body mass, 70.6 ± 14.7 kg; body fat %, 19.29 ± 5.39%) participated in this study. Each participant performed 2 anaerobic capacity tests: the WAnT and the HART by random assignment on separate days. The reliability of the HART was calculated from 2 separate trials of the test and then determined through intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). Blood samples were collected, and lactate was analyzed both pretest and posttest for each of the 2 exercise modes. Heart rate and rate of perceived exertion were also measured pre- and post-exercise. Hawaii anaerobic run test peak and mean momentum were calculated as body mass times highest or average split velocity, respectively. Intraclass correlation coefficients between trials of the HART for peak and mean momentum were 0.98 and 0.99, respectively (SEM = 18.8 and 25.7, respectively). Validity of the HART was established through comparison of momentum on the HART with power on the WAnT. High correlations were found between peak power and peak momentum (r = 0.88), as well as mean power and mean momentum (r = 0.94). The HART was considered to be a reliable test of anaerobic power. The HART was also determined to be a valid test of anaerobic power when compared with the WAnT. When testing healthy college-aged individuals, the HART offers an easy and inexpensive alternative maximal effort anaerobic power test to other established tests.

Author Information

1Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science, Human Performance Laboratory, College of Education, University of Hawaii–Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii; and

2Department of Anatomy, Biochemistry and Physiology, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii–Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii

Address correspondence to Christopher D. Stickley,

Copyright © 2014 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.