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Development, Test-Retest Reliability, and Construct Validity of the Resistance Training Skills Battery

Lubans, David R.1; Smith, Jordan J.1; Harries, Simon K.2; Barnett, Lisa M.3; Faigenbaum, Avery D.4

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31829b5527
Original Research

Abstract: Lubans, DR, Smith, JJ, Harries, SK, Barnett, LM, and Faigenbaum, AD. Development, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the Resistance Training Skills Battery. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1373–1380, 2014—The aim of this study was to describe the development and assess test-retest reliability and construct validity of the Resistance Training Skills Battery (RTSB) for adolescents. The RTSB provides an assessment of resistance training skill competency and includes 6 exercises (i.e., body weight squat, push-up, lunge, suspended row, standing overhead press, and front support with chest touches). Scoring for each skill is based on the number of performance criteria successfully demonstrated. An overall resistance training skill quotient (RTSQ) is created by adding participants' scores for the 6 skills. Participants (44 boys and 19 girls, mean age = 14.5 ± 1.2 years) completed the RTSB on 2 occasions separated by 7 days. Participants also completed the following fitness tests, which were used to create a muscular fitness score (MFS): handgrip strength, timed push-up, and standing long jump tests. Intraclass correlation (ICC), paired samples t-tests, and typical error were used to assess test-retest reliability. To assess construct validity, gender and RTSQ were entered into a regression model predicting MFS. The rank order repeatability of the RTSQ was high (ICC = 0.88). The model explained 39% of the variance in MFS (p ≤ 0.001) and RTSQ (r = 0.40, p ≤ 0.001) was a significant predictor. This study has demonstrated the construct validity and test-retest reliability of the RTSB in a sample of adolescents. The RTSB can reliably rank participants in regards to their resistance training competency and has the necessary sensitivity to detect small changes in resistance training skill proficiency.

Author Information

1Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Education, University of Newcastle, Callaghan Campus, Callaghan, Australia;

2Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan Campus, Callaghan, Australia;

3School of Health & Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia; and

4Department of Health & Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing,New Jersey

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Address correspondence to David R. Lubans,

Copyright © 2014 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.