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The Interactive Effects of Recovery Mode and Duration on Subsequent Repeated Sprint Performance

Brown, James; Glaister, Mark

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: March 2014 - Volume 28 - Issue 3 - p 651–660
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a1fe28
Original Research

Abstract: Brown, J and Glaister, M. The interactive effects of recovery mode and duration on subsequent repeated sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res 28(3): 651–660, 2014—The aim of this study was to examine the interactive effects of recovery mode and duration on subsequent repeated short sprint (RSS) performance. Ten male recreational athletes (age, 27.9 ± 5.0 years; height, 1.80 ± 0.07 m; mass, 81.6 ± 13.5 kg) performed 4 randomized trials consisting of a 30-second cycle sprint, followed by a specified recovery period (45 or 180 seconds), and a subsequent set of RSS (7 × 5 seconds, 20-second passive rest periods). Recovery mode was either active (AR; 70% of the power output at lactate threshold) or passive (PR). Mean heart rate and V[Combining Dot Above]O2 were significantly higher (p ≤ 0.05) in AR than in PR over both recovery durations. Although the difference in V[Combining Dot Above]O2 reached significance after 10–15 seconds, a significant (p ≤ 0.05) difference in heart rate was observed only after 26 seconds (45-second trials) − 75 seconds (180-second trials). Blood lactate was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) lower in AR than in PR only after 135 seconds (mean difference, 2.16 mmol·L−1; 95% likely range, 0.77–3.55 mmol·L−1). Mean peak power output in the RSS test was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) higher following PR45 than AR45 (12.0 ± 1.4 vs. 11.4 ± 1.4 W·kg−1) and following AR180 than PR180 (12.7 ± 1.2 vs. 12.0 ± 1.2 W·kg−1). In conclusion, when rest periods are short, a PR strategy appears to optimize subsequent RSS performance. However, as the recovery duration increases subsequent RSS performance appears to benefit from an AR strategy.

School of Human Sciences, St Mary's University College, Twickenham, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Mark Glaister, mark.glaister@smuc.ac.uk.

Copyright © 2014 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.