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The Acute Effect of a Plyometric Stimulus on Jump Performance in Professional Rugby Players

Tobin, Daniel P.1,2; Delahunt, Eamonn1,3

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318299a214
Original Research
Abstract

Abstract: Tobin, DP and Delahunt, E. The acute effect of a plyometric stimulus on jump performance in professional rugby players. J Strength Cond Res 28(2): 367–372, 2014—Post-activation potentiation (PAP) is the elevation of motor performance to a higher level in response to a conditioning stimulus. Extensive research exists examining the PAP effect after a heavy resistance exercise. However, there is limited research examining the PAP effect after a plyometric stimulus. This study was designed to examine whether a plyometric stimulus could produce a PAP effect comparable to that typically reported with a heavy resistance protocol. Importantly, it was hypothesized that the PAP effect would exist without the same levels of acute fatigue resulting from a heavy stimulus, thus allowing improvement in performance within a short rest interval range. Twenty professional rugby players were recruited for the study. Subjects performed 2 countermovement jumps (CMJs) at baseline and at 1, 3, and 5 minutes after a plyometric stimulus consisting of 40 jumps. Two separate 1-way repeated-measures analyses of variance were conducted to compare the dependent variables CMJ height and peak force at the 4 time points. Results of the Bonferroni adjusted pairwise comparisons indicated that jump height and peak force before plyometric exercises were significantly lower than all other time points (p < 0.01). The main finding of this study indicates that a series of plyometric exercises causes a significant acute enhancement in CMJ height (p < 0.01) and peak force (p < 0.01) throughout the rest interval range of 1–5 minutes. The plyometric series induced an improvement in CMJ height comparable to that reported elsewhere after a heavy lifting stimulus but without the need for a prolonged rest interval. Performing repeated series of plyometric jumps appears to be an efficient method of taking advantage of the PAP phenomenon, thus possibly eliminating the need for a complex training protocol.

Author Information

1School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland;

2Leinster Rugby branch of Irish Rugby Football Union, Dublin, Ireland; and

3Institute for Sport and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Address correspondence to Daniel P. Tobin, daniel.tobin@leinsterrugby.ie.

Copyright © 2014 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.