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The Influence of a Tabata Interval Training Program Using an Aquatic Underwater Treadmill on Various Performance Variables

Rebold, Michael J.; Kobak, Mallory S.; Otterstetter, Ronald

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: December 2013 - Volume 27 - Issue 12 - p 3419–3425
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182908a09
Original Research

Abstract: Rebold, MJ, Kobak, MS, and Otterstetter, R. The influence of a Tabata interval-training program using an aquatic underwater treadmill on various performance variables. J Strength Cond Res 27(12): 3419–3425, 2013—The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week aquatic treadmill running (ATM) Tabata interval-training program on various performance variables including body fat percentage, force production, flexibility, and anaerobic power. Totally, 25 participants (17 males and 8 females) were randomized into either a control group (CON), which only completed Pre- and Posttesting, or exercise group (EX), which took part in the 8-week ATM Tabata interval-training program. Pre- and Posttesting consisted of the following measurements: body fat percentage, flexibility, force production, and anaerobic power. The Tabata interval-training program consisted of sprinting on an ATM at 7.5 miles⋅h−1 and with the front jets turned on at 80, 85, 90, and 95% progressively increasing throughout the 8 weeks. A 2-way repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant effect of time (F = 236.13; p < 0.001) and group by time interaction (F = 1.95; p = 0.02). Paired-samples t-test revealed a significant difference in the CON group from Pre- to Posttesting for mean power from the Wingate test (t = −2.20; p = 0.05) and a significant difference in the EX group for right leg goniometry (t = −2.34; p = 0.04) and mean power from the Wingate test (t = −2.81; p = 0.02). These results are favorable because it demonstrates that participants who engage in an ATM Tabata interval-training program can elicit a strong enough stimulus to improve flexibility and anaerobic power in terms of mean power while decreasing musculoskeletal impact placed on the ligaments, joints, and tendons.

Department of Sports Science and Wellness, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio

Address correspondence to Michael J. Rebold, MS, CSCS,

Copyright © 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.