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Effect of Surface-Specific Training on 20-m Sprint Performance on Sand and Grass Surfaces

Binnie, Martyn J.1,2; Peeling, Peter1,2; Pinnington, Hugh3; Landers, Grant2; Dawson, Brian2

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: December 2013 - Volume 27 - Issue 12 - p 3515–3520
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31828f043f
Research Note

Abstract: Binnie, MJ, Peeling, P, Pinnington, H, Landers, G, and Dawson, B. Effect of surface-specific training on 20-m sprint performance on sand and grass surfaces. J Strength Cond Res 27(12): 3515–3520, 2013—This study compared the effect of an 8-week preseason conditioning program conducted on a sand (SAND) or grass (GRASS) surface on 20-m sprint performance. Twelve team-sport athletes were required to attend three 1-hour training sessions per week, including 2 surface-specific sessions (SAND, n = 6 or GRASS, n = 6) and 1 group session (conducted on grass). Throughout the training period, 20-m sprint times of all athletes were recorded on both sand and grass surfaces at the end of weeks 1, 4, and 8. Results showed a significant improvement in 20-m sand time in the SAND group only (p < 0.05), whereas 20-m grass time improved equally in both training subgroups (p < 0.05). These results suggest that surface-specificity is essential for 20-m speed improvements on sand and also that there is no detriment to grass speed gains when incorporating sand surfaces into a preseason program.

1Western Australian Institute of Sport, Mount Claremont, Western Australia, Australia;

2School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia; and

3School of Health Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia

Address correspondence to Martyn J. Binnie,

Copyright © 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.