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Relationships Between Field-Based Measures of Strength and Power and Golf Club Head Speed

Read, Paul J.1; Lloyd, Rhodri S.2; De Ste Croix, Mark1; Oliver, Jon L.2

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: October 2013 - Volume 27 - Issue 10 - p 2708–2713
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318280ca00
Original Research

Abstract: Read, PJ, Lloyd, RS, De Ste Croix, M, and Oliver, JL. Relationships between field-based measures of strength and power and golf club head speed. J Strength Cond Res 27(10): 2708–2713, 2013—Increased golf club head speed (CHS) has been shown to result in greater driving distances and is also correlated with golf handicap. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between field-based measures of strength and power and golf CHS with a secondary aim to determine the reliability of the selected tests. A correlation design was used to assess the following variables: anthropometrics, squat jump (SJ) height and squat jump peak power (SJPP), unilateral countermovement jump (CMJ) heights (right leg countermovement jump and left leg countermovement jump [LLCMJ]), bilateral CMJ heights, countermovement jump peak power (CMJPP), and medicine ball seated throw (MBST) and medicine ball rotational throw (MBRT). Fouty-eight male subjects participated in the study (age: 20.1 ± 3.2 years, height: 1.76 ± 0.07 m, mass: 72.8 ± 7.8 kg, handicap: 5.8 ± 2.2). Moderate significant correlations were reported between CHS and MBRT (r = 0.67; p < 0.01), MBST (r = 0.63; p < 0.01), CMJPP (r = 0.54; p < 0.01), and SJPP (r = 0.53; p < 0.01). Weak significant correlations (r = 0.3–0.5) were identified between CHS and the other remaining variables excluding LLCMJ. Stepwise multiple regression analysis identified that the MBST and SJ were the greatest predictors of CHS, explaining 49% of the variance. Additionally the intraclass correlation coefficients reported for tests of CHS and all performance variables were deemed acceptable (r = 0.7–0.9). The results of this study suggest that the strength and conditioning coach can accurately assess and monitor the physical abilities of golf athletes using the proposed battery of field tests. Additionally, movements that are more concentrically dominant in nature may display stronger relationships with CHS due to MBST and SJ displaying the highest explained variance after a stepwise linear regression.

1Faculty of Sport, Health, and Social Care, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester, United Kingdom

2Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Gloucester, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Mr Paul Read, pread@glos.ac.uk.

Copyright © 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.