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Gender Differences in Game Responses During Badminton Match Play

Fernandez-Fernandez, Jaime1; de la Aleja Tellez, Jose G.2; Moya-Ramon, Manuel3; Cabello-Manrique, David4,5; Mendez-Villanueva, Alberto6

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: September 2013 - Volume 27 - Issue 9 - p 2396–2404
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827fcc6a
Original Research

Abstract: Fernandez-Fernandez, J, de la Aleja Tellez, JG, Moya-Ramon, M, Cabello-Manrique, D, and Mendez-Villanueva, A. Gender differences in game responses during badminton match play. J Strength Cond Res 27(9): 2396–2404, 2013—The aim of this study was to evaluate possible gender differences in match play activity pattern [rally duration, rest time between rallies, effective playing time, and strokes performed during a rally] and exercise intensity (heart rate [HR], blood lactate [La], and subjective ratings of perceived exertion [RPE]) during 9 simulated badminton matches in male (n = 8) and female (n = 8) elite junior (16.0 ± 1.4 years) players. Results showed significant differences (all p < 0.05; effect size (ES) = 0.80–1.56) between male and female players in the activity pattern of match play, with male players engaged in longer rallies (6.8 ± 4.8 vs. 5.7 ± 3.1 seconds), executing more strokes per rally (6.4 ± 4.8 vs. 4.7 ± 2.8) and resting more between rallies (10.5 ± 8.8 vs. 8.8 ± 7.2 seconds) than female players. No clear differences (all p > 0.05; ES = −0.33 to 0.08) were observed between female or male players in average HR (174 ± 7 vs. 170 ± 9 b·min−1), %HRmax (89.2 ± 4.0% vs. 85.9 ± 4.3%), La (2.5 ± 1.3 vs. 3.2 ± 1.8 mmol·L−1), and RPE values (14.2 ± 1.9 vs. 14.6 ± 1.8) during match play, although male players spent more time (moderate effect sizes) at intensities between 81 and 90% HRmax (35.3 ± 17.9 vs. 25.3 ± 13.6; p < 0.05; ES = 0.64) in the second game. There seemed to be a trend toward an increased playing intensity (i.e., higher HR, La, and RPE) from the first to the second game, highlighting the higher exercise intensity experienced during the last part of the match. The clear between-gender differences in activity patterns induced only slightly different physiological responses.

1Department of Training and Exercise Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany

2Policlinica Mapfre, Madrid, Spain

3Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, Sports Research Centre, University Miguel Hernandez, Elche, Spain

4Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

5Spanish Badminton Federation (FESBA)

6Physiology Unit, Football Performance and Science Department, ASPIRE Academy of Sports Excellence, Doha, Qatar

Address correspondence to Dr. Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, jaime.fernandez-fernandez@rub.de.

Copyright © 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.