Abstract: Fernandez-Fernandez, J, de la Aleja Tellez, JG, Moya-Ramon, M, Cabello-Manrique, D, and Mendez-Villanueva, A. Gender differences in game responses during badminton match play. J Strength Cond Res 27(9): 2396–2404, 2013—The aim of this study was to evaluate possible gender differences in match play activity pattern [rally duration, rest time between rallies, effective playing time, and strokes performed during a rally] and exercise intensity (heart rate [HR], blood lactate [La], and subjective ratings of perceived exertion [RPE]) during 9 simulated badminton matches in male (n = 8) and female (n = 8) elite junior (16.0 ± 1.4 years) players. Results showed significant differences (all p < 0.05; effect size (ES) = 0.80–1.56) between male and female players in the activity pattern of match play, with male players engaged in longer rallies (6.8 ± 4.8 vs. 5.7 ± 3.1 seconds), executing more strokes per rally (6.4 ± 4.8 vs. 4.7 ± 2.8) and resting more between rallies (10.5 ± 8.8 vs. 8.8 ± 7.2 seconds) than female players. No clear differences (all p > 0.05; ES = −0.33 to 0.08) were observed between female or male players in average HR (174 ± 7 vs. 170 ± 9 b·min−1), %HRmax (89.2 ± 4.0% vs. 85.9 ± 4.3%), La (2.5 ± 1.3 vs. 3.2 ± 1.8 mmol·L−1), and RPE values (14.2 ± 1.9 vs. 14.6 ± 1.8) during match play, although male players spent more time (moderate effect sizes) at intensities between 81 and 90% HRmax (35.3 ± 17.9 vs. 25.3 ± 13.6; p < 0.05; ES = 0.64) in the second game. There seemed to be a trend toward an increased playing intensity (i.e., higher HR, La, and RPE) from the first to the second game, highlighting the higher exercise intensity experienced during the last part of the match. The clear between-gender differences in activity patterns induced only slightly different physiological responses.
1Department of Training and Exercise Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
2Policlinica Mapfre, Madrid, Spain
3Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, Sports Research Centre, University Miguel Hernandez, Elche, Spain
4Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
5Spanish Badminton Federation (FESBA)
6Physiology Unit, Football Performance and Science Department, ASPIRE Academy of Sports Excellence, Doha, Qatar
Address correspondence to Dr. Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, firstname.lastname@example.org.