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Regional Fat Changes Induced by Localized Muscle Endurance Resistance Training

Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Andrade, David C.; Campos-Jara, Christian; Henríquez-Olguín, Carlos; Alvarez-Lepín, Cristian; Izquierdo, Mikel

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: August 2013 - Volume 27 - Issue 8 - p 2219–2224
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827e8681
Original Research

Abstract: Ramírez-Campillo, R, Andrade, DC, Campos-Jara, C, Henríquez-Olguín, C, Alvarez-Lepín, C, and Izquierdo, M. Regional fat changes induced by localized muscle endurance resistance training. J Strength Cond Res 27(8): 2219–2224, 2013—The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a localized muscle endurance resistance training program on total body and regional tissue composition. Seven men and 4 women (aged 23 ± 1 years) were trained with their nondominant leg during 12 weeks, 3 sessions per week. Each session consisted of 1 set of 960–1,200 repetitions (leg press exercise), at 10–30% 1 repetition maximum. Before and after training, body mass, bone mass, bone mineral density (BMD), lean mass, fat mass, and fat percentage were determined by dual-emission x-ray absorptiometry. Energy intakes were registered using a food recall questionnaire. At the whole-body level, body mass, bone mass, BMD, lean mass, or body fat percentage were not significantly changed. However, body fat mass significantly decreased by 5.1% (preexercise: 13.5 ± 6.3 kg; postexercise: 12.8 ± 5.4 kg, p < 0.05). No significant changes in bone mass, lean mass, fat mass, or fat percentage were observed in both the control and trained leg. A significant (p < 0.05) decrease in fat mass was observed in the upper extremities and trunk (10.2 and 6.9%, respectively, p < 0.05). The reduction of fat mass in the upper extremities and trunk was significantly greater (p < 0.05) than the fat mass change observed in the trained leg but not in the control leg. No significant changes were observed in energy intake pre- and postexercise intervention (2,646 ± 444 kcal·d−1 and 2,677 ± 617 kcal·d−1, respectively). In conclusion, the training program was effective in reducing fat mass, but this reduction was not achieved in the trained body segment. The present results expand the limited knowledge available about the plastic heterogeneity of regional body tissues when a localized resistance training program is applied.

1Physical Activity Sciences Department, Los Lagos University, Osorno, Chile

2Celular Physiology Laboratory, Biomedical Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Antofagasta University, Antofagasta, Chile

3Kinesiology Department, Los Lagos University, Puerto Montt, Chile

4Physiology Laboratory, Biological Sciences Department, Biological Sciences Faculty, Andres Bello University, Santiago, Chile

5Los Lagos Family Health Center, Health Promotion Center for Women, Los Lagos, Chile

6Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarre, Tudela, Spain

Address correspondence to Dr. Mikel Izquierdo,

Copyright © 2013 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.