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Effect of Different Warm-Up Procedures on Subsequent Swim and Overall Sprint Distance Triathlon Performance

Binnie, Martyn J.1,2; Landers, Grant2; Peeling, Peter1,2

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: September 2012 - Volume 26 - Issue 9 - p 2438–2446
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31823f29c6
Original Research

Abstract: Binnie, MJ, Landers, G, and Peeling, P. Effect of different warm-up procedures on subsequent swim and overall sprint distance triathlon performance. J Strength Cond Res 26(9): 2438–2446, 2012—This study investigated the effect of 3 warm-up procedures on subsequent swimming and overall triathlon performance. Seven moderately trained, amateur triathletes completed 4 separate testing sessions comprising 1 swimming time trial (STT) and 3 sprint distance triathlons (SDT). Before each SDT, the athletes completed 1 of three 10-minute warm-up protocols including (a) a swim-only warm-up (SWU), (b) a run-swim warm-up (RSWU), and (c) a control trial of no warm-up (NWU). Each subsequent SDT included a 750-m swim, a 500-kJ (∼20 km) ergometer cycle and a 5-km treadmill run, which the athletes performed at their perceived race intensity. Blood lactate, ratings of perceived exertion, core temperature, and heart rate were recorded over the course of each SDT, along with the measurement of swim speed, swim stroke rate, and swim stroke length. There were no significant differences in individual discipline split times or overall triathlon times between the NWU, SWU, and RSWU trials (p > 0.05). Furthermore, no difference existed between trials for any of the swimming variables measured (p > 0.05) nor did they significantly differ from the preliminary STT (p > 0.05). The findings of this study suggest that warming up before an SDT provides no additional benefit to subsequent swimming or overall triathlon performance.

1Western Australian Institute of Sport, Mt Claremont, Australia

2School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia

Address correspondence to Martyn J. Binnie, mbinnie@wais.org.au.

© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association