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Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31823b0546
Original Research

The Rate of Force Development Obtained at Early Contraction Phase Is Not Influenced by Active Static Stretching

Morais de Oliveira, André L.1; Greco, Camila Coelho1; Molina, Renato1,2; Denadai, Benedito S.1

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Abstract

Abstract: Morais de Oliveira, AL, Coelho Greco, C, Molina, R, and Denadai, BS. The rate of force development obtained at early contraction phase is not influenced by active static stretching. J Strength Cond Res 26(8): 2174–2179, 2012—The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of active static stretching on the maximal isometric muscle strength (maximal voluntary contraction [MVC]) and rate of force development (RFD) determined within time intervals of 30, 50, 100, and 200 milliseconds relative to the onset of muscle contraction. Fifteen men (aged 21.3 ± 2.4 years) were submitted on different days to the following tests: (a) familiarization session to the isokinetic dynamometer; (b) 2 maximal isometric contractions for knee extensors in the isokinetic dynamometer to determine MVC and RFD (control); and (c) 2 active static stretching exercises for the dominant leg extensors (10 × 30 seconds for each exercise with a 20-second rest interval between bouts). After stretching, the isokinetic test was repeated (poststretching). Conditions 2 and 3 were performed in random order. The RFD was considered as the mean slope of the moment-time curve at time intervals of 0–30, 0–50, 0–100; 0–150; and 0200 milliseconds relative to the onset of muscle contraction. The MVC was reduced after stretching (285 ± 59 vs. 271 ± 56 N·m, p < 0.01). The RFD at intervals of 0–30, 0–50, and 0–100 milliseconds was unchanged after stretching (p > 0.05). However, the RFD measured at intervals of 0–150 and 0–200 milliseconds was significantly lower after stretching (p < 0.01). It can be concluded that explosive muscular actions of a very short duration (<100 milliseconds) seem less affected by active static stretching when compared with actions using maximal muscle strength.

© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association

 

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