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Effects of Proprioceptive Training Program on Core Stability and Center of Gravity Control in Sprinters

Romero-Franco, Natalia1; Martínez-López, Emilio2; Lomas-Vega, Rafael1; Hita-Contreras, Fidel1; Martínez-Amat, Antonio1

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: August 2012 - Volume 26 - Issue 8 - p 2071–2077
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31823b06e6
Original Research

Abstract: Romero-Franco N, Martínez-López EJ, Lomas-Vega R, Hita-Contreras F, and Martínez-Amat A. Effects of proprioceptive training program on core stability and center of gravity control in sprinters. J Strength Cond Res 26(8): 2071–2077, 2012—The purpose of this study was to determinate the effect of a 6-week specific-sprinter proprioceptive training program on core stability and gravity center control in sprinters. Thirty-three athletes (age = 21.82 ± 4.84 years, height = 1.76 ± 0.07 m, weight = 67.82 ± 08.04 kg, body mass index = 21.89 ± 2.37 kg·m−2) from sprint disciplines were divided into a control (n = 17) and experimental (n = 16) groups. A 30-minute proprioceptive training program was included in the experimental group training sessions, and it was performed for 6 weeks, 3 times each week. This program included 5 exercises with the BOSU and Swiss ball as unstable training tools that were designed to reproduce different moments of the technique of a sprint race. Stability with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed, postural stability, and gravity center control were assessed before and after the training program. Analyses of covariance (α = 0.05) revealed significant differences in stability in the medial-lateral plane with EO, gravity center control in the right direction and gravity center control in the back direction after the exercise intervention in the experimental athletes. Nevertheless, no other significant differences were demonstrated. A sprinter-specific proprioceptive training program provided postural stability with EO and gravity center control measures improvements, although it is not clear if the effect of training would transfer to the general population.

1Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain

2Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain

Address correspondence to Antonio Martínez Amat, amamat@ujaen.es.

© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association