Abstract: Epstein, Y, Druyan, A, and Heled, Y. Heat injury prevention—A military perspective. J Strength Cond Res 26(7): S82–S86, 2012—Heat-related injuries, and specifically exertional heat stroke, are a significant occupational risk in the armed forces, especially for those soldiers who are rapidly deployed from a temperate climate region to hot climate regions. Traditionally, adaptation to heat was considered as a matter of physiological adaptation. It is clear today that these injuries are mostly avoidable when applying proper education and behavioral adaptations. Education on behavioral adaptation for the prevention of heat injuries should be targeted at the individual and the organization level. This article summarizes the issue of proper preventive measures that should be taken to avoid, or at least minimize, the risk of exertional heat related injuries during military operations and training.