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The Effects of Concurrent Resistance and Endurance Training Follow a Detraining Period in Elementary School Students

Santos, Albano P.; Marinho, Daniel A.; Costa, Aldo M.; Izquierdo, Mikel; Marques, Mário C.

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: June 2012 - Volume 26 - Issue 6 - p 1708–1716
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318234e872
Original Research

Abstract: Santos, AP, Marinho, DA, Costa, AM, Izquierdo, M, and Marques, MC. The effects of concurrent resistance and endurance training follow a detraining period in elementary school students. J Strength Cond Res 26(6): 1708–1716, 2012—The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of an 8-week training period of resistance training alone (GR), or combined resistance and endurance training (GCOM), followed by 12 weeks of detraining (DT) on body composition, explosive strength, and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max adaptations in a large sample of adolescent school boys. Forty-two healthy boys recruited from a Portuguese public high school (age: 13.3 ± 1.04 years) were assigned to 2 experimental groups to train twice a week for 8 weeks: GR (n = 15), GCOM (n = 15), and a control group (GC: n = 12; no training program). Significant training-induced differences were observed in 1- and 3-kg medicine ball throw gains (GR: +10.3 and +9.8%, respectively; GCOM: +14.4 and +7%, respectively), whereas no significant changes were observed after a DT period in both the experimental groups. Significant training-induced gains in the height and length of the countermovement (vertical-and-horizontal) jumps were observed in both the experimental groups. No differences were perceived after a DT period in lower limb power. Time at 20 m decreased significantly for both intervention programs (GR: −11.5% and GCOM: −12,4%, <0.00), but either GR or GCOM groups kept the running speed after a DT period of 12 weeks. After training, the V[Combining Dot Above]O2max increased only significantly for GCOM (4.6%, p = 0.01). A significant loss was observed after a DT period in GR but not in GCOM. Performing resistance and endurance training in the same workout does not impair strength development in young school boys. As expected, strength training by itself does not improve aerobic capacity. Our results also suggest that training program effects even persist at the end of the DT period.

1Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal

2Sport Sciences, Exercise and Health Department, University of Trás- os-Montes e Alto Douro; Vila Real de Trás-os-Montes, Portugal

3Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarre, Navarre, Spain

Address correspondence to Dr. Mário C. Marques, mariomarques@mariomarques.com.

Copyright © 2012 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.