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Peak Power, Force, and Velocity During Jump Squats in Professional Rugby Players

Turner, Anthony P.; Unholz, Cedric N.; Potts, Neill; Coleman, Simon G.S.

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: June 2012 - Volume 26 - Issue 6 - p 1594–1600
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318234ebe5
Original Research

Abstract: Turner, AP, Unholz, CN, Potts, N, and Coleman, SGS. Peak power, force, and velocity during jump squats in professional rugby players. J Strength Cond Res 26(6): 1594–1600, 2012—Training at the optimal load for peak power output (PPO) has been proposed as a method for enhancing power output, although others argue that the force, velocity, and PPO are of interest across the full range of loads. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of load on PPO, peak barbell velocity (BV), and peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) during the jump squat (JS) in a group of professional rugby players. Eleven male professional rugby players (age, 26 ± 3 years; height, 1.83 ± 6.12 m; mass, 97.3 ± 11.6 kg) performed loaded JS at loads of 20–100% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) JS. A force plate and linear position transducer, with a mechanical braking unit, were used to measure PPO, VGRF, and BV. Load had very large significant effects on PPO (p < 0.001, partial η2 = 0.915); peak VGRF (p < 0.001, partial η2 = 0.854); and peak BV (p < 0.001, partial η2= 0.973). The PPO and peak BV were the highest at 20% 1RM, though PPO was not significantly greater than that at 30% 1RM. The peak VGRF was significantly greater at 1RM than all other loads, with no significant difference between 20 and 60% 1RM. In resistance trained professional rugby players, the optimal load for eliciting PPO during the loaded JS in the range measured occurs at 20% 1RM JS, with decreases in PPO and BV, and increases in VGRF, as the load is increased, although greater PPO likely occurs without any additional load.

1Institute of Sport, Physical Education, and Health Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland

2Scottish Rugby Union, Edinburgh, Scotland

Address correspondence to Anthony P. Turner,

Copyright © 2012 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.