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Higher Muscle Performance in Adolescents Compared With Adults After a Resistance Training Session With Different Rest Intervals

Tibana, Ramires Alsamir; Prestes, Jonato; Nascimento, Dahan da Cunha; Martins, Otávio V; Santana, Frederico Santos De; Balsamo, Sandor

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: April 2012 - Volume 26 - Issue 4 - p 1027–1032
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822dfefb
Original Research

Abstract: Tibana, RA, Prestes, J, da Cunha Nascimento, D, Martins, OV, de Santana, FS, and Balsamo, S. Higher muscle performance in adolescents compared with adults after a resistance training session with different rest intervals. J Strength Cond Res 26(4): 1027–1032, 2012—The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of 3 different rest intervals between sets on the total training volume, number of repetitions, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and resistance to fatigue in adolescents and adults during a resistance training session in the isoinertial chest press exercise. Fifteen male adolescents (15.2 ± 1.2 years; 20.7 ± 2.0 kg·m2; Tanner −4; 61.5 ± 8.9, 10 repetition maximum [RM]) and 15 adults (22.2 ± 2.7 years; 23.3 ± 2.0 kg·m2; Tanner −5; 84.3 ± 13.5, 10RM) without previous experience with resistance training participated in the study. After 10RM test-retest on 3 different occasions, participants were randomly assigned to a resistance training protocol with 30-, 60-, and 120-second rest interval between sets. The protocol consisted of 3 sets with 10RM. In all studied variables, with exception to total training volume and RPE, adolescents presented superior results as compared with adults (p < 0.001). On the other hand, both adults and adolescents exhibited a higher resistance to fatigue, total training volume, and number of repetitions with a longer rest interval (120 > 60 > 30 seconds) (p < 0.01). Thus, these results indicate that adolescents present a higher recovery capacity between sets in a resistance training session than adults and a longer rest interval results in a higher number of repetitions completed, total training volume, and resistance to fatigue.

1Department of Physical Education, Euro-American University Center (UNIEURO) – Brasília, DF, Brazil

2Graduation Program in Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil

3Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, University of Brasília Faculty of Medicine, University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil

4Resistance Training and Health Research Group (GEPEEFS), Brasilia, DF, Brazil.

Address correspondence to Sandor Balsamo, sandorbalsamo@gmail.com.

Copyright © 2012 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.