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Acute Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Jump Force and Jump Rate of Force Development: A Comparative Study of Different Devices

Bagheri, Javad1; van den Berg-Emons, Rita J1; Pel, Johan J2; Horemans, Herwin L1; Stam, Henk J1

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: March 2012 - Volume 26 - Issue 3 - pp 691-696
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822a5d27

Bagheri, J, van den Berg-Emons, RJ, Pel, JJ, Horemans, HL, and Stam, HJ. Acute effects of whole-body vibration on jump force and jump rate of force development: A comparative study of different devices. J Strength Cond Res 26(3): 691–696, 2012—The goal of this study was to compare the acute effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) delivered by 3 devices with different mechanical behavior on jump force (JF) and jump rate of force development (JRFD). Twelve healthy persons (4 women and 8 men; age 30.5 ± 8.8 years; height 178.6 ± 7.3 cm; body mass 74.8 ± 9.7 kg) were exposed to WBV for 15 and 40 seconds using 2 professional devices (power plate [PP; vertical vibration] and Galileo 2000 [GA; oscillatory motion around the horizontal axis in addition to vertical vibration]) and a home-use device [Power Maxx, PM; horizontal vibration]). The JF and JRFD were evaluated before, immediately after, and 5 minutes after WBV. The JF measured immediately after 40 seconds of vibration by the GA device was reduced (3%, p = 0.05), and JRFD measured after 5 minutes of rest after 40 seconds of vibration by the PM device was reduced (12%, p < 0.05) compared with the baseline value. The acute effects of WBV (15 or 40 seconds) on JF and JRFD were not significantly different among the 3 devices. In conclusion, our hypothesis that WBV devices with different mechanical behaviors would result in different acute effects on muscle performance was not confirmed.

1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; and 2Department of Neuroscience, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Address correspondence to Javad Bagheri,

© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association