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Comparisons of Peak Ground Reaction Force and Rate of Force Development During Variations of the Power Clean

Comfort, Paul; Allen, Mark; Graham-Smith, Phillip

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d6dc0d
Original Research
Abstract

Comfort, P, Allen, M, and Graham-Smith, P. Comparisons of peak ground reaction force and rate of force development during variations of the power clean. J Strength Cond Res 25(5): 1235-1239, 2011-The aim of this investigation was to determine the differences in vertical ground reaction forces and rate of force development (RFD) during variations of the power clean. Elite rugby league players (n = 11; age 21 ± 1.63 years; height 181.56 ± 2.61 cm; body mass 93.65 ± 6.84 kg) performed 1 set of 3 repetitions of the power clean, hang-power clean, midthigh power clean, or midthigh clean pull, using 60% of 1-repetition maximum power clean, in a randomized order, while standing on a force platform. Differences in peak vertical ground reaction forces (Fz) and instantaneous RFD between lifts were analyzed via 1-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc analysis. Statistical analysis revealed a significantly (p < 0.001) greater peak Fz during the midthigh power clean (2,801.7 ± 195.4 N) and the midthigh clean pull (2,880.2 ± 236.2 N) compared to both the power clean (2,306.24 ± 240.47 N) and the hang-power clean (2,442.9 ± 293.2 N). The midthigh power clean (14,655.8 ± 4,535.1 N·s−1) and the midthigh clean pull (15,320.6 ± 3,533.3 N·s−1) also demonstrated significantly (p < 0.001) greater instantaneous RFD when compared to both the power clean (8,839.7 ± 2,940.4 N·s−1) and the hang-power clean (9,768.9 ± 4,012.4 N·s−1). From the findings of this study, when training to maximize peak Fz and RFD the midthigh power clean and midthigh clean pull appear to be the most advantageous variations of the power clean to perform.

Author Information

Directorate of Sport, Exercise and Physiotherapy, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Paul Comfort, p.comfort@salford.ac.uk.

© 2011 National Strength and Conditioning Association