Skip Navigation LinksHome > February 2011 - Volume 25 - Issue 2 > Effects of Lifting Tempo on One Repetition Maximum and Hormo...
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bf053b
Original Research

Effects of Lifting Tempo on One Repetition Maximum and Hormonal Responses to a Bench Press Protocol

Headley, Samuel A1; Henry, Kelley2; Nindl, Bradley C3; Thompson, Brian A1; Kraemer, William J4; Jones, Margaret T1

Collapse Box


Headley, SA, Henry, K, Nindl, BC, Thompson, BA, Kraemer, WJ, and Jones, MT. Effects of lifting tempo on one repetition maximum and hormonal responses to a bench press protocol. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 406-413, 2011-This study was carried out in 2 parts: part 1 was designed to measure the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) bench press with 2 different moderate-velocity tempos (2/0/2) vs. (2/0/4) in male lifters while part 2 compared the hormonal responses at the same tempos as described in part 1. In both parts 1 and 2, the 1RMs (lbs) were higher on the 2/0/2 tempo than on the 2/0/4 tempo. The change in plasma volume (PV) was greater after the 2/0/4 tempo (−5.7 ± 1.7% vs. 0.96 ± 1.2%, p < 0.05). All blood parameters were significantly (p < 0.05) higher post-exercise compared with baseline. With PV corrected, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) (ng·mL−1) was higher with the 2/0/2 tempo only (pre-exercise: 277.4 ± 21.8, post-exercise: 308.1 ± 22.9; 2/0/4 tempo pre-exercise: 277.2 ± 17.6, post-exercise: 284.8 ± 21.2). In conclusion, heavier loads can be lifted and more total work can be performed using a (2/0/2) tempo compared with a slower (2/0/4) tempo, but with the exception of IGF-1, the hormonal responses are similar. Individuals may get the same metabolic responses to training by using different tempos, but they will need to use less weight at a slower tempo.

© 2011 National Strength and Conditioning Association



Article Tools


Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.