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Inter-Limb Coordination, Strength, Jump, and Sprint Performances Following a Youth Men's Basketball Game

Cortis, Cristina1; Tessitore, Antonio1; Lupo, Corrado1; Pesce, Caterina2; Fossile, Eugenio1; Figura, Francesco1; Capranica, Laura1

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bde2ec
Original Research
Abstract

Cortis, C, Tessitore, A, Lupo, C, Pesce, C, Fossile, E, Figura, F, and Capranica, L. Inter-limb coordination and strength, jump, and sprint performances following a youth men's basketball game. J Strength Cond Res 25(1): 135-142, 2011-This study aimed to verify whether basketball players are able to maintain strength (handgrip), jump (countermovement jump [CMJ]), sprint (10 m and 10 m bouncing the ball [10mBB]), and interlimb coordination (i.e., synchronized hand and foot flexions and extensions at 80, 120, and 180 bpm) performances at the end of their game. Ten young (age 15.7 ± 0.2 years) male basketball players volunteered for this study. During the friendly game, heart rate (HR), rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and rate of muscle pain (RMP) were assessed to evaluate the exercise intensity. Overall, players spent 80% of the time playing at intensities higher than 85% HRmax. Main effects (p < 0.05) for game periods emerged for HR and the number of players involved in a single action, with lower occurrence of maximal efforts and higher involvement of teammates after the first 2 periods. At the end of the game, players reported high (p < 0.05) RPE (15.7 ± 2.4) and RMP (5.2 ± 2.3) values; decreased (p < 0.05) sprint capabilities (10 m: pre = 1.79 ± 0.09 seconds, post = 1.84 ± 0.08 seconds; 10mBB: pre = 1.81 ± 0.11 seconds, post = 1.96 ± 0.08 seconds); increased (p < 0.05) interlimb coordination at 180 bpm (pre = 33.3 ± 20.2 seconds, post = 43.9 ± 19.8 seconds); and maintained jump (pre = 35.2 ± 5.2 cm, post = 35.7 ± 5.2 cm), handgrip (pre = 437 ± 73 N, post = 427 ± 55 N), and coordinative performances at lower frequencies of executions (80 bpm: pre = 59.7 ± 1.3 seconds, post = 60.0 ± 0.0 seconds; 120 bpm: pre = 54.7 ± 12.3 seconds, post = 57.3 ± 6.7 seconds). These findings indicate that the heavy load of the game exerts beneficial effects on the efficiency of executive and attentive control functions involved in complex motor behaviors. Coaches should structure training sessions that couple intense physical exercises with complex coordination tasks to improve the attentional capabilities of the players.

Author Information

1Department of Human Movement and Sport Science, University of Foro Italico, Rome, Italy; and 2Department of Education in Sport and Human Motion, University of Foro Italico, Rome, Italy

Address correspondence to Laura Capranica, laura.capranica@iusm.it.

© 2011 National Strength and Conditioning Association