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Squatting Kinematics and Kinetics and Their Application to Exercise Performance

Schoenfeld, Brad J

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: December 2010 - Volume 24 - Issue 12 - pp 3497-3506
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bac2d7
Brief Review

Schoenfeld, BJ. Squatting kinematics and kinetics and their application to exercise performance. J Strength Cond Res 24(12): 3497-3506, 2010-The squat is one of the most frequently used exercises in the field of strength and conditioning. Considering the complexity of the exercise and the many variables related to performance, understanding squat biomechanics is of great importance for both achieving optimal muscular development as well as reducing the prospect of a training-related injury. Therefore, the purpose of this article is 2-fold: first, to examine kinematics and kinetics of the dynamic squat with respect to the ankle, knee, hip and spinal joints and, second, to provide recommendations based on these biomechanical factors for optimizing exercise performance.

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© 2010 National Strength and Conditioning Association