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Complex Training in Ice Hockey: The Effects of a Heavy Resisted Sprint on Subsequent Ice-Hockey Sprint Performance

Matthews, Martyn J; Comfort, Paul; Crebin, Robyn

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e7253c
Original Research
Press Release
Abstract

Matthews, MJ, Comfort, P, and Crebin, R. Complex training in ice hockey: the effects of a heavy resisted sprint on subsequent ice-hockey sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res 24(11): 2883-2887, 2010-The aim of the study was to investigate the acute effect of a heavy resisted sprint when used as a preload exercise to enhance subsequent 25-m on-ice sprint performance. Eleven competitive ice-hockey players (mean ± SD: Age = 22.09 ± 3.05 years; Body Mass = 83.47 ± 11.7 kg; Height = 1.794 ± 0.060 m) from the English National League participated in a same-subject repeated-measures design, involving 2 experimental conditions. During condition 1, participants performed a 10-second heavy resisted sprint on ice. Condition 2 was a control, where participants rested. An electronically timed 25-m sprint on ice was performed before and 4 minutes after each condition. The results indicated no significant difference (p = 0.176) between pre (3.940 + 0.258 seconds) and post (3.954 + 0.261 seconds) sprint times in the control condition. The intervention condition, however, demonstrated a significant 2.6% decrease in times (p = 0.02) between pre (3.950 + 0.251 seconds) and post (3.859 + 0.288 seconds) test sprints. There was also a significant change (p = 0.002) when compared to the times of the control condition. These findings appear to suggest that the intensity and duration of a single resisted sprint in this study are sufficient to induce an acute (after 4 minutes of rest) improvement in 25-m sprint performance on ice. For those athletes wishing to improve skating speed, heavy resisted sprints on ice may provide a biomechanically suitable exercise for inducing potentiation before speed training drills.

Author Information

Directorate of Sport, Exercise, and Physiotherapy, School of Health Care Professions, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Martyn Matthews, m.j.matthews@salford.ac.uk.

© 2010 National Strength and Conditioning Association